1. The Cameroon highlands are formed partly of volcanic, partly of ancient crystalline rocks. The project is entirely within the coastal lowlands of western Cameroon (see Figures ES-1 and ES-2). It rises from the coast through tropical rainforest to a bare summit, which is cold, windy, and occasionally dusted with snow. Several ancient cultures evolved in Cameroon and traces of their impact are seen up to this day. Detailed quantification of the monetary value of commonly used NTFPs is essential for identifying key products and species that can improve the welfare of local communities. This large country has huge landscape diversity ranging from sea and lowland rainforest to volcano summits and savanna. Surrounding the Cameroon massif, the stepped Cameroon Plateau rises above the coastal lowlands and it is divided by the Sanaga River into the southern Cameroon Plateau and the Adamawa Mountains. This is more compelling because the consequences of the flood events are on the rise. 4. It is the link between the ocean and the continental segment of the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL) and is found where the Cameroon Mountain extends into the Gulf of Guinea. Vegetation. The region includes the lowland and coastal forests of southeastern Nigeria, southwestern Cameroon, and the lowlands of the island of Bioko, covering an area of 52,200 square kilometers (20,200 sq mi). The coastal plain is densely forested and is exceedingly hot and humid. Douala’s average high is 90°F (32°C). It includes islands in the Gulf of Guinea and mountains that extend along the border region of eastern Nigeria and the Ambazonian region of Cameroon, from Mount Cameroon on the Gulf of Guinea north and east towards Lake Chad.The islands, which span the equator, have tropical climates and are home to many unique plant and bird species. Highlights of Cameroon are: Indigenous architecture. The topography is one of low rolling hills or hillocks and shallow valleys. It is less than twenty miles wide in most of the area northwest of Mount Cameroon, which divides the northwestern coastal plain from the broader lowlands in the central coastal … Logging is depleting forests in the south and east. The climate is equatorial in the south, tropical in center and arid in north. On most mountains the lowermost vegetation is forest. This area is part of the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion . The region which falls in the humid tropics receives over 10,000 mm of rainfall annually with temperatures … Consequently, flooding scenarios in these cities will catch continuous research attention. The plotsincluded a cleared and unplanted farm fallow, cleared and replanted forestplots, and uncleared forest plots. The town is characterised by irregular relief made up of highlands and lowlands. Growing up to six feet tall and weighing up to 210kg, they’re primarily vegetarian, much of their diet consists of plants like bamboo, wild celery, and other leaves. The southern region extends from the Sanaga River to the southern border and from the coast eastward to the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo. Cross-Sanaga-Bioko Coastal Forests cover the lowlands and coastal forests of Cameroon with the forests above 800 m on Mount Cameroon and 900 m above on inland mountains. Great river valleys and coastal lowlands dominate much of Nigeria, but the massive country -- the most populous in Africa -- also encompasses rolling … lowlands of Cameroon, Nigeria, and Coˆte d0Ivoire are the main sources (ICRAF, 1995). Head towards the only remaining coastal lowland rainforest at Bimbia, an hour south of Limbe, and walk along the mangrove trail, a bird watcher’s heaven Wanderlust tips Wildlife enthusiasts should head to Parc National de Waza in Cameroon’s far north for a chance of seeing elephants, hippos, giraffes , birds and even a few lions. The southern plateau then moves to the Adamawa plateau. In August 1986, Lake Nyos, a crater lake, expelled CO2 and killed almost 2,000 people. It consists of coastal plains that are about 25 miles (40 km) wide and a densely forested plateau with an average elevation of a little more than 2,000 feet (600 metres). The replanted plots were line-planted withTerminalia ivorensis, but differed in the degree and methodof clearance. Mount Cameroun is a still active volcano. portion of the Limbe coast, the Cameroon costal lowlands dominated by Barrier beaches, Barrier Islands, extensive creeks and Lagoon formations runs from the Bakassi islands in the west to Tiko and Douala in the central parts of the coastline and to the sandy beaches of the Kribi area to the south of the country. Edward Parker/Oxford Scientific Films The tropical rainforest at elevations between 4,000 and 8,000 feet (1,200 and 2,400 metres) differs from that of the lowlands: the trees are smaller, are of different species, and are festooned with mosses, lichens, and other epiphytes . The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of west-central Africa. Many wetlands exist in Cameroon, with some located inland and across the national frontier, and others located within the coastal lowlands of mountain massifs. See more ideas about Cameroon, West africa, Africa. The area delimiting the humid lowlands in Cameroon together with the study sites are shown in Fig. The Cameroon coastal lowlands are flood-tide dominated where wetlands dominated by mangroves proliferate within the shoaling lagoons, creeks and tidal inlets. The South Cameroon Plateau rises up several thousand feet as it extends to the east from the coastal plain. It borders Nigeria to the west, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. The lowlands support large areas of rubber, banana, cocoa, oil palms, and timber. agglomerations within the coastal lowlands of Cameroon currently suffering from recurrent high incidence of floods with a return period of just one year. The Cameroon line is a 1,600 km (990 mi) chain of volcanoes. Dense rainforest of the Guinea Coast region, Korup National Park, Cameroon. Crater Lakes exist from volcanism. It occurs along the rocky coast of Cameroon and covers a surface area of about 674 km² (Limbe Town Planning Office, 2000). Along its west coast, Cameroon borders the Bight of Biafra, an eastern bay of the Gulf of Guinea. SECTION C . (8marks) So the further north you go the drier it becomes. This is thus a geomorphologically fragile zone of instability which presently comes under intense human-induced actions which has seen alteration in the hydro-geomorphic characteristics of the area over time. However, despite recent efforts, empirical data on the relative economic importance of NTFPs are not available at the farm-level. Within the plateau and coastal lowlands, the Atlantic drainage system is also divided into three minor basins: West, Sanaga and South. The South Cameroon Plateau rises from the coastal plain to an average elevation of 650 metres (2,133 ft). The coastal lowland areas lie in the hot and humid south- west and south, around Cameroon hlountain, in the hlbam plain and in the valley of the middle Sanaga river. The project area is primarily within the lowland hills with a rural landscape of disturbed agricultural land, fallow and shrub habitats. Cameroon is divided into four different areas. In Cameroon, the humid lowlands are divided into two zones: the coastal lines with an altitude of 0–300 m and the continental plateau with an altitude ranging between 600 and 800 m above the sea level (Tonye et al., 1986). The Limbe Coastal Lowlands are small and these are the areas that carry a large chunk of the population which is likely to be more vulnerable in the event of sea level rise. Location and description. This plain extends inland from the Gulf of Guinea to the South Cameroon Plateau. The Cameroon range, a chain of mountains and hills, starts with Mount Cameroon on the coast, which is the highest point at 4,095 meters to the country’s northern end. Mount Cameroon is one of Africa's largest volcanoes, rising to 4040m above the coast of west Cameroon. Nigeria’s Coastal area commence from the northern limit of the mangrove through This region is dominated by an equatorial rainforest with distinct wet and dry seasons. The topography is low on both the eastern and western margins but is rugged around the mountains. 33 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) have been identified in Cameroon covering 42,056 km 2 or 8.8% of the surface area of the country. Some of these wetlands result from lava filled depressions, topographic channels which widen into flood plains and braided profiles, tidal activities in estuarine environments and shallow depressions beside the coast [ 33 , 34 ]. CAMEROON. X coastal lowland estends south from Douala to the border with Equa- torial Guinea, The interior lowlands of tlie drier Bénoué basin are continuous, occupying about half of the total area below 500m. In an … The Sanaga is the largest single river in Cameroon … In the east, the plateau gradually lowers down to the Logone Valley and is divided into small ridges, while in the north its steep ledges drop to the depression of Lake Chad. This is lush forest rich in flora and birdlife. The southwestern lowlands are located along the coast. Also the vegetation is extremely diverse and varies with climate. The terrain is composed of southern lowlands, central hills and plateaus with mountains in the southeast and plains in north. In Madagascar, the central highlands are formed of the Basement complex of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Behind the swamps and lowlands (often referred to as the southwestern coastal region), the country rises to the mountains and plateaus, stretches more than 800 km inland, and then descends to the flat plains of mid-altitude in the far north. There is little natural forest vegetation remaining. A classical type area of a transient coastline is the Limbe Down Beach Coastal zone. A watershed exists along the South Cameroon Plateau separating coastal and Congo systems. This study was conducted to identify soil management factors in view of optimizing oil palm production in coastal lowlands of Southwest Cameroon. The northwestern highlands run from the northern coast along the border with Nigeria. (a) Briefly describe the characteristics of the climate of the Northern Lowlands and the Coastal Lowlands of Cameroon. – Cameroon is one of the few countries where coastal and lowland gorillas still exist. 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